Stokely Carmichael, also known as Kwame Ture, one of the most effective and best-known activists in the Civil Rights movement, was born on this date, June 29, in 1941.
Carmichael was born in Trinidad but his family—his parents and four sisters—moved to New York City. His mother, Mabel F. Carmichael, was a stewardess for a steamship line, and his father, Adolphus, was a carpenter who also worked as a taxi driver. The Carmichael family eventually left Harlem to live in Morris Park in the East Bronx, where Carmichael graduated with honors from the Bronx High School of Science, a specialized public high school for gifted students. He went on to attend Howard University, a historically-black school in Washington, D.C.—having rejected scholarship offers from several white universities, and graduated with a degree in philosophy in 1964. [Continue reading at the African American Registry.]
For further reading and research, see also:
Stokely Speaks: From Black Power to Pan-Africanism by Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). [book link]
Ready for Revolution: The Life and Struggles of Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture) by Stokely Carmichael (Kwame Ture). [book link]