Vivian Malone and James Hood enroll as the first African American students at the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa. They achieve the milestone after Gov. George Wallace, who has been blocking them at a university doorway, stands aside when President Kennedy mobilizes National Guard troops. It’s nine years after the U.S. Supreme Court held segregated public schools to be unconstitutional.
Image and caption via 1963 Retrospective: The Struggle for Civil Rights